The study of linkages is one of the broadest of all studies. I discuss linkages in many different fields and create completely new ones. There are many innovations and new ideas here. Some  are practical,  in gardening and construction - the page Gardening/construction:photographic introduction is a general introduction but  refers to some of them. The pages Web Design and Page Travel  introduce new ways of navigating pages, which can be used in long pages and in Large Page Design.


The page Innovations and new ideas: poetry and visual art gives a comprehensive introduction.  Innovations in the use of word-images are presented in  concrete poetry (the page includes an 'exploding poem,' also shown in the selection of images below). There are  innovations  in the study of metaphor and metre, and in a form which uses linkage by meaning to complement linkage by sound (which includes rhyme). My poems cover a wide range, including humour and sarcasm, war,  child labour, nature and troubled relationships. There's also the most comprehensive discussion available   anywhere  of the case against Seamus Heaney's poetry and a study, Kafka and Rilke.

Many linkages are  problematic and disputed, for example the linkage between mind and body (in dualist views), between Quantum Mechanical explanations and  alternative explanations, and between mathematics and science. Astrologers find a linkage between human personality and celestial objects whilst skeptics find no convincing evidence. Scientific advances involve new linkages: Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation proposed a linkage between all the bodies in the Universe, Darwin's Theory of Evolution proposed new linkages between organisms.

Poems: humour, war, nature etc
Poetry: innovations, new ideas
Poetry: composite forms
Poetry: concrete
Poetry: of Jared Carter
Poetry: line length
Poetry: meaning linkage
Poetry: metaphor
Poetry: metre/meter
Poetry: music linkages
Poetry: sound linkage
Religions and ideologies
Reviewing and criticism
Supermarkets and small shops
{themes}: adjustment
{themes}: {completion}

{themes}: {direction}
{themes}: {distance}
{themes}: {modification}
{themes}: {ordering}
{themes}: {resolution}
{themes}: {restriction}
{themes}: {reversal}
{themes}: {separation}
{themes}: {substitution}
{theme} theory: interpretations
{theme} theory: introduction
{theme} theory: introduction (pdf)
Veganism: against 
Web design: page travel
Web design: in detail


This is an English language site, of course, but I go beyond English in various places, such as the page Seamus Heaney: translations and versions. I discuss texts in French, Italian, German, Dutch, Latin, classical Greek, modern Greek and Polish, usually with my own translations.

Most of the material is non-technical. The page introducing {theme} theory (which includes linkage and contrast) is one exception. I explain some conceptual innovations and go beyond natural language, developing a symbolic notation with many uses and substantial advantages. Pages which make use of  this notation include  Interpretations.  Most of these concern topics in mathematics, physics, chemistry philosophy and logic, including commutative operators, thermodynamic systems as partitions, foundationalism, inverses of functions, indeterminate logic, induction, prefix notation and S.I. units.


The page Ethics: theory and practice introduces  symbolic notation for 'outweighing,' a concept which I regard as fundamental in ethics but with other application-spheres.


Paul Hurt


Mikhail Bakhtin writes of "Dostoevsky's passion for journalism and his love of the newspaper, his deep and subtle understanding of the newspaper page as a living reflection of the contradictions of contemporary society in the cross-section of a single day, where the most diverse and contradictory material is laid out, extensively, side by side..." ('Problems of Dostoevsky's Poetics,' Translation by Caryl Emerson.)


The 'diverse and contradictory' material in this site covers a very wide range, some of it of journalistic, some of it academic, some of it personal, some of it practical - working with wood, working with metal, working with other materials, designing and constructing buildings, other structures and sometimes machines, the growing of a wide range of plants. Some of it is aesthetic, some of it ethical, concerned with humane values and harshness, unavoidable harshness as well as harshness which can be reduced by reform or technical advances, harshness in peace and  harshness in war,  industry and nature.


My approach is in part systematic and rigorous, sometimes at a high level of abstraction, but I see no contradiction between system and rigour on the one hand and on the other, passion, compassion, activism, humour, an intense concern for the health of language and the vitality of culture, a whole range of other concerns. A systematic study can reveal gaps very clearly. The meticulous work of cartographers helped to show explorers what regions were still unexplored, to suggest new areas for risk and discovery.


Activism and activists -  deluded and  deranged activists as well as ones I respect and admire - politics and politicians, have a part to play in the pages of the site, but also journalists, poets, musicians, scientists, engineers, scaffolders, scholars, miners, mechanics, and many more, including animals.








The section 'Controversies' includes  pages on bullfighting, animal welfare and activism, the death penalty, Israel, Islamist terrorism and  Palestinian ideology, green ideology, feminist ideology, religions, supermarkets and small shops, Universities and freedom of expression,  and Ireland and Northern Ireland: distortions and illusions, including the Troubles in Northern Ireland. This section also contains a collection of my aphorisms and a discussion of the aphorism form.

Linkage and contrast provide a powerful way of viewing human personality in its frequent mixture of strength and weakness and the often grotesque contradictions to be found in societies and give new perspectives in ethics and politics. The drama section illustrates this distinctive viewpoint. It includes the scripts of the play Maestro, with an  introduction and photographs and the play 8 a.m. and an outline of a largely comic  screenplay,  also with photographs.

Although the  pages of the site (over 70 of them) are very varied in subject and tone, {themes}, such as linkage and contrast, provide the organizing principle, whether or not {themes} are cited explicitly.

     Clicking on the Site Map icon gives access to all pages 

     Alphabetical list of some topics, with links to pages

Animal welfare and activism
Culture industry
Death penalty
Design and construction
Ethics: theory and practice
Framework science: review
Gardening / construction: photographic introduction
Gardening: bed and board
Gardening: protection and support
Gardening: greenhouses, cloches
Gardening: composting and rainwater collecting

Gardening: design principles
Glossary: general
Green ideology
Heaney, Seamus: introduction
Heaney: Cambridge Companion
Heaney: crap and credulity
Heaney: selected poems, criticism
Heaney: ethical depth?
Heaney: translations and versions
Ireland and Northern Ireland
Israel: defending
Kennedy, A L: fiction and non-fiction
Palestinian ideology
Play: Maestro, introduction
Play: Maestro, script
Play: 8 a.m




The British Library has selected this site for preservation in the Arts and Humanities / Literature archive and the Computer Science, Information Technology and Web Technology archive 



Below, some of the images on the site, including  examples of my work in design, construction and growing. Clicking on an image takes you to the page, except for the kinetic image 'Two bombers exploded ...' which appears on the pages 'Concrete poetry' and  'Poems.'