About this site
Animal welfare and activism
Bullfighting: against
Cambridge University
Christian religion
Church of England
Culture industry
Death penalty: against
Design and construction
Ethics: theory and practice
Feminist ideology
Framework science: review
Gardening / construction: photographic introduction
Gardening: bed and board
Gardening: protection and support
Gardening: greenhouses, cloches
Gardening: composting and rainwater collecting

Gardening: design principles
Glossary: general
Green ideology
Heaney, Seamus: introduction
Heaney: Cambridge Companion
Heaney: crap and credulity
Heaney: selected poems, criticism
Heaney: ethical depth?
Heaney: translations and versions
Ireland and Northern Ireland
Israel: defending
Kennedy, A L: fiction and non-fiction
Palestinian ideology

The study of linkages is one of the broadest of all studies. I discuss linkages in many different fields and create completely new ones. There are many innovations and new ideas here. Some  are practical,  in gardening and construction - the page Gardening/construction:photographic introduction is a general introduction but  refers to some of them. The pages Web Design and Page Travel  introduce new ways of navigating pages, which can be used in long pages and in Large Page Design. 


The section 'Controversies' includes  pages on Christian religion, Cambridge University, the death penalty, Israel, Nietzsche, Palestinian ideology, green ideology, feminist ideology, bullfighting, animal welfare and activism, supermarkets and small shops, Ireland and Northern Ireland, including the Troubles in Northern Ireland. Linkage and contrast provide a powerful way of viewing human personality, organizations and societies in their frequent mixture of strength and weakness.

Poems: humour, war, nature etc
Poetry: innovations, new ideas
Poetry: composite forms
Poetry: concrete
Poetry: modulation
Poetry: line length
Poetry: meaning linkage
Poetry: metaphor
Poetry: metre/meter
Poetry: sound linkage
Religion and ideology
Reviewing and criticism
Supermarkets and small shops
{themes}: {adjustment}
{themes}: {completion}

{themes}: {direction}
{themes}: {distance}
{themes}: {modification}
{themes}: {ordering}
{themes}: {resolution}
{themes}: {restriction}
{themes}: {reversal}
{themes}: {separation}
{themes}: {substitution}
{theme} theory: interpretations
{theme} theory: introduction
{theme} theory: introduction (pdf)
Veganism: against 
Web design: page-travel
Web design: in detail




This is an English language site, of course, but I go beyond English in various places, such as the page Seamus Heaney: translations and versions. I discuss texts in French, Italian, German, Dutch, Latin, classical Greek, modern Greek and Polish, usually providing my own translations.


The page Innovations and new ideas: poetry and visual art gives a comprehensive introduction. The page metaphor and the page metre present innovations  in the technical study of these subjects. There are pages on modulation, on linkage by meaning and linkage by sound (one instance of this is  rhyme.) Innovations in design-poetry  are presented in  concrete poetry. My poems cover a wide range, including humour and sarcasm, war,  child labour, nature and troubled relationships. There's also the most comprehensive discussion available   anywhere  of the case against Seamus Heaney's poetry and a study, Rilke and Kafka.

 Alphabetical list of some topics, with links to pages

Many of the pages make use of Large Page Design.
These pages are wide, or fairly wide, as well as long, or fairly long.
They can't be viewed adequately on a very small screen.
Below the text here - a selection of the many, many images on  the site, showing
something of its  range and variety. Clicking on an image takes you to the page.



 Most pages of the site  incorporate an innovation in Web page navigation, 'the rail,' a long blue band
on the left side of the page. Clicking on the rail gives a means of reaching the top of page very quickly.

The British Library has selected all of this site for preservation, in the Arts and Humanities / Literature
archive and the Computer Science, Information Technology and Web Technology archive.

Paul Hurt    paulhurt@linkagenet.com



Mikhail Bakhtin writes of "Dostoevsky's passion for journalism and his love of the newspaper, his deep and subtle understanding of the newspaper page as a living reflection of the contradictions of contemporary society in the cross-section of a single day, where the most diverse and contradictory material is laid out, extensively, side by side..." (Quoted in 'Problems of Dostoevsky's Poetics,' translation by Caryl Emerson.)


The 'diverse and contradictory' material in this site covers a very wide range, some of it of journalistic, some of it academic, some of it personal, some of it practical - working with wood, working with metal, working with other materials, designing and constructing buildings, other structures and sometimes machines, the growing of a wide range of plants. Some of it is aesthetic, some of it ethical, concerned with humane values and harshness, unavoidable harshness as well as harshness which can be reduced by reform or technical advances, harshness in peace and  harshness in war,  industry and nature.


My approach is in part systematic and rigorous, sometimes at a high level of abstraction, but I see no contradiction between system and rigour on the one hand and on the other, passion, compassion, activism, humour, an intense concern for the health of language and the vitality of culture, a whole range of other concerns. A systematic study can reveal gaps very clearly. The meticulous work of cartographers helped to show explorers which regions were still unexplored, to suggest new areas for risk and discovery.


Activism and activists -  deluded and  deranged activists as well as ones I respect and admire - politics and politicians, have a part to play in the pages of the site, but also journalists, poets, musicians, scientists, engineers, labourers, scholars, miners, and many more, including animals.


The page About this site includes background information, including this (in the section 'Comment and criticism and emails to me')


'The site doesn't have comment sections but comments are always welcome. Emails sent to me won't be released into the public domain, including publication on this site, unless I have the permission of the sender ...  Anyone who emails me can make criticisms or make other comments and the matter will remain private. Criticism of me or this Website, whether private or in the public domain, doesn't disturb me.'




Many linkages are  problematic and disputed. Astrologers find a linkage between human personality and celestial objects whilst skeptics find no convincing evidence. Scientific advances involve new linkages: Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation proposed a linkage between all the bodies in the Universe, Darwin's Theory of Evolution proposed new linkages between organisms.


Science is advanced by new  ideas but scientific ideas are corroborated (or falsified) by experiments, most often using apparatus, which belongs to the material world. The linkages between science and the material world aren't in doubt, but the relevance of science to human emotions and society is very problematic. I'd claim that the concepts and ideas put forward on this site are applicable to all these spheres.


Most of the material is non-technical. The page introducing {theme} theory (which includes linkage and contrast) is one exception. I explain some conceptual innovations and go beyond natural language, developing a symbolic notation with many uses and substantial advantages. Pages which make use of  this notation include  Interpretations.  Most of these concern topics in mathematics, physics, chemistry, philosophy and logic, including commutative operators, thermodynamic systems as partitions,  inverses of functions, indeterminate logic, induction, prefix notation, foundationalism and coherentism, and S.I. units.


The page Ethics: theory and practice introduces  symbolic notation for 'outweighing,' a concept which I regard as fundamental in ethics but with other application-spheres.