See also


1a. Alan Billings, South Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner: Complaint
1b. Same content as (1) but in single column
1c. Alan Billings: Ichtheology, the Billingsgate Challenge
1d. Police and Ethics Panels
1e. S. Yorks Police: IOPC
1f. S. Yorks Police, PCC, Panels 
1g. Capability in education and policing

1i. Complaints-pcc-panels.htm
1j. 'Treating people properly'


This page and the pages listed above will be revised to exclude duplicated material and to achieve other benefits

2. Christian religion: criticism
3. Arise! Church Guide
4. Abuse, safeguarding and the Churches
5. Street Pastors Guide
6. Anti-woke supporters of Christian belief

7.Churches, donations, employment




Examples of Biblical Hate Crime


The You tube videos are the work of Rock Christian Centre. The video footage is accompanied by text. In the videos, the text is simply read.

Deuteronomy 25

[11] If two men are fighting and the wife of one of them comes to rescue her husband from his assailant, and she reaches out and seizes him by his private parts, [12] you shall cut off her hand. Show her no pity.

Leviticus 24
23Then Moses spoke to the Israelites, and they took the blasphemer outside the camp and stoned him. So the Israelites did as the LORD had commanded Moses.

Leviticus 18

22You must not lie with a man as with a woman; that is an abomination.

Leviticus 19
27You must not cut off the hair at the sides of your head or clip off the edges of your beard.

Leviticus 20

10If a man commits adultery with another man’s wife—with the wife of his neighbor—both the adulterer and the adulteress must surely be put to death.

11If a man lies with his father’s wife, he has uncovered his father’s nakedness. Both must surely be put to death; their blood is upon them.

12If a man lies with his daughter-in-law, both must surely be put to death. They have acted perversely; their blood is upon them.

13If a man lies with a man as with a woman, they have both committed an abomination. They must surely be put to death; their blood is upon them.

27A man or a woman who is a medium or spiritist must surely be put to death. They shall be stoned; their blood is upon them.’ ”

Leviticus 22

 11But if a priest buys a slave with his own money, or if a slave is born in his household, that slave may eat his food.

Leviticus 25

44Your menservants and maidservants shall come from the nations around you, from whom you may purchase them. 45You may also purchase them from the foreigners residing among you or their clans living among you who are born in your land. These may become your property. 46You may leave them to your sons after you to inherit as property; you can make them slaves for life.

Deuteronomy 23

1] No one who has been emasculated by crushing or cutting may enter the assembly of the Lord.

Translation in King James Version:

23 He that is wounded in the stones, or hath his privy member cut off, shall not enter into the congregation of the Lord.

Deuteronomy 21

[10] When you go to war against your enemies and the Lord your God delivers them into your hands and you take captives, [11] if you notice among the captives a beautiful woman and are attracted to her, you may take her as your wife. [12] Bring her into your home and have her shave her head, trim her nails [13] and put aside the clothes she was wearing when captured. After she has lived in your house and mourned her father and mother for a full month, then you may go to her and be her husband and she shall be your wife.

[18] If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who does not obey his father and mother and will not listen to them when they discipline him, [19] his father and mother shall take hold of him and bring him to the elders at the gate of his town. [20] They shall say to the elders, "This son of ours is stubborn and rebellious. He will not obey us. He is a profligate and a drunkard." [21] Then all the men of his town shall stone him to death. You must purge the evil from among you ...

Micah 5

[12] I will destroy your witchcraft and you will no longer cast spells.

Deuteronomy 32


[21] They made me jealous by what is no god and angered me with their worthless idols. I will make them envious by those who are not a people; I will make them angry by a nation that has no understanding. [22] For a fire has been kindled by my wrath, one that burns to the realm of death below. It will devour the earth and its harvests and set afire the foundations of the mountains. [23] "I will heap calamities upon them and spend my arrows against them. [24] I will send wasting famine against them, consuming pestilence and deadly plague; I will send against them the fangs of wild beasts, the venom of vipers that glide in the dust. [25] In the street the sword will make them childless; in their homes terror will reign. Young men and young women will perish, infants and gray-haired men.

Deuteronomy 29


[22] Your children who follow you in later generations and foreigners who come from distant lands will see the calamities that have fallen on the land and the diseases with which the Lord has afflicted it. [23] The whole land will be a burning waste of salt and sulfur---nothing planted, nothing sprouting, no vegetation growing on it. It will be like the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, which the Lord overthrew in fierce anger.


Deuteronomy 28


[14] Do not turn aside from any of the commands I give you today, to the right or to the left, following other gods and serving them. [15] However, if you do not obey the Lord your God and do not carefully follow all his commands and decrees I am giving you today, all these curses will come upon you and overtake you: [16] You will be cursed in the city and cursed in the country. [17] Your basket and your kneading trough will be cursed. [18] The fruit of your womb will be cursed, and the crops of your land, and the calves of your herds and the lambs of your flocks. [19] You will be cursed when you come in and cursed when you go out. [20] The Lord will send on you curses, confusion and rebuke in everything you put your hand to, until you are destroyed and come to sudden ruin because of the evil you have done in forsaking him. [21] The Lord will plague you with diseases until he has destroyed you from the land you are entering to possess. [22] The Lord will strike you with wasting disease, with fever and inflammation, with scorching heat and drought, with blight and mildew, which will plague you until you perish. [23] The sky over your head will be bronze, the ground beneath you iron. [24] The Lord will turn the rain of your country into dust and powder; it will come down from the skies until you are destroyed. [25] The Lord will cause you to be defeated before your enemies. You will come at them from one direction but flee from them in seven, and you will become a thing of horror to all the kingdoms on earth. [26] Your carcasses will be food for all the birds of the air and the beasts of the earth, and there will be no one to frighten them away. [27] The Lord will afflict you with the boils of Egypt and with tumors, festering sores and the itch, from which you cannot be cured. [28] The Lord will afflict you with madness, blindness and confusion of mind. [29] At midday you will grope about like a blind man in the dark. You will be unsuccessful in everything you do; day after day you will be oppressed and robbed, with no one to rescue you. [30] You will be pledged to be married to a woman, but another will take her and ravish her. You will build a house, but you will not live in it. You will plant a vineyard, but you will not even begin to enjoy its fruit. [31] Your ox will be slaughtered before your eyes, but you will eat none of it. Your donkey will be forcibly taken from you and will not be returned. Your sheep will be given to your enemies, and no one will rescue them. [32] Your sons and daughters will be given to another nation, and you will wear out your eyes watching for them day after day, powerless to lift a hand. [33] A people that you do not know will eat what your land and labor produce, and you will have nothing but cruel oppression all your days. [34] The sights you see will drive you mad. [35] The Lord will afflict your knees and legs with painful boils that cannot be cured, spreading from the soles of your feet to the top of your head.

National and International Perspectives


The issues raised by my complaints against South Yorkshire Police and the South Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner are issues which have national - in fact international - importance.


I'm used to working at the national and international level. A few instances:


I was a member of the human rights organization for a very long time, as a member of the Sheffield group. For most of that time, I was the death penalty co-ordinator for the group but I worked on a much wider range of human rights abuses. Again and again, I contacted officials in a large number of the countries of the world, and I wrote letters to newspapers in many countries.


From my page


Years ago, I wrote a letter about the death penalty to a politician in Malawi, the then Minister of Education, and the reply was so heartening that I quote it here:


Dear Mr Hurt,


Thank you for your letter of 9th February. I am encouraged greatly by your kind remarks about the situation in Malawi.


We were indeed very fortunate that Malawi experienced such a peaceful transition from a vicious one-party dictatorship to a multi-party democracy. It was partly because we were convinced that some of the people who had been sentenced to death were not really guilty of the offences that we commuted all death sentences on the president's inauguration day in May 1994.

The death sentence however has not yet been formally abolished in this country. The matter was discussed extensively during the recent Constitutional Conference and the delegates decided to retain it. This decision ties up the hands of the government, much against its own will. We are only hoping that with civic education the body of public opinion will swing towards the abolition of the death sentence.


You can rest assured however that no executions have taken place since the new government took over.


Yours faithfully,


Sam Mpasu MP
Minister of Education


Many years late, Malawi has still not executed a single person.


At the national level, I played a part in changing the policies of Amnesty International. At a meeting of the Sheffield group, I made the argument that there were gaps, in fact, deficiencies in Amnesty International policy. I persuaded the group to put motions at two  Annual General Meetings of Amnesty International.


At the time, Amnesty International had no policy as regards anti-personnel mines. I outlined arguments concerning the fact that, after conflicts had come to an end, long after conflicts had come to an end, the anti-personnel mines put in place during the conflicts were still killing and injuring civilians. Another motion: that many of the campaigning techniques used by Amnesty International were demonstrably ineffective. I wrote a paper giving reasons why they were ineffective and outlining improvements. I also put the case for including a motion concerning human rights abuses in China. My view was that Amnesty International had failed to give campaigning against these human rights abuses the coverage they merited.


Speaking on these motions at the Annual General Meetings, to about a thousand people in each case, was divided between me and another member of the group. All the motions were carried overwhelmingly.


I left Amnesty International. The organization was changing, emphasizing simplistic slogans more and more,  becoming grossly unrealistic and far more ineffectual. Of course, the organization had always achieved much less than it claimed, but it did have substantial achievements to its credit. Now, a substantial part of its 'campaigning' is at a pitiful level, most notably, I think, its condemnation of Israel as an 'apartheid state.' My page


puts the case for Israel.


My membership of Amnesty International was a long time ago. We wrote airmail letters. This was before email.


Some of the email letters were to newspapers in a wide range of countries. I've no evidence that they were published, in many cases. An editor in a different country would never send a letter to inform me that a letter had been published. I did receive a letter from a reader in Jamaica, to tell me that he supported my views on the death penalty in Jamaica. He'd read the letter I'd sent for publication in the 'Jamaica Daily Gleaner.'


I contacted many wardens of penitentiaries in the United States where executions took place, and many people involved in the administration of the death penalty. One of these people was a Warden of a penitentiary in Mississippi. A programme had been broadcast, 'Fourteen Days in May,' about the execution of a man (black) in the gas chamber. The letter I sent was long and detailed. I didn't receive a reply, but I later found that this Warden had become an outspoken opponent of the death penalty. He came to this country to take part in anti-death penalty events. His change of mind and change of heart may have had something to do with the letter I sent.


My complaints against South Yorkshire Police and the South Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner raise issues concerning lack of protection, lack of legal safeguards in this country, some omissions and defects which are nationally important and internationally too. It can't possibly be claimed that the legal safeguards in this country are so extensive, so complete that the country deserves to have an international reputation in the safeguarding of fundamental human liberties. It does deserve its reputation in many areas or most areas, but the gaps are significant.


I have a book on my bookshelves, 'Blackstone's Guide to the Protection from Harassment Act 1997.'


The intention of the legislators was protection for people being harassed. Unfortunately, the Act gives no protection or far too little protection to people who have been wrongfully accused of harassment, people accused of harassment on slight evidence, manufactured evidence or no evidence at all.

The Act allows a Police Constable to come to the door and to present a 'Harassment Warning' ('Police Information Notice') without any investigation at all, with no attempt to find out the 'other side of the story.' It allows a 'Harassment Warning' to be presented after hearing only the complainant's story.


Similarly for 'Hate Crime.' Accusations of 'Hate Crime' can be received by the police and acted upon by the police with only the complainant's version of events taken into account. To make inquiries into claims of 'Hate Crime' would more often than not be time-consuming, would take up even more police resources, in time and money. So, very often, these elementary safeguards are dispensed with.


The implications of these fundamentally unjust procedures are many, and do no credit to the international reputation of British justice.


The pretence that policing can put to right every wrong is grossly misguided. In the pursuit of 'Hate Crime,' elementary principles, economic and ethical, are overlooked, such as this: infinite needs (or infinite demands) and scarce resources.


A complaint may reach South Yorkshire Police, and other police forces, and acted upon, which does involve genuine hate, but hate which is so minor that it hardly justifies the use of the term 'hate.'


There are genuine victims, obviously, and many of them, including victims who have suffered horrific consequences, but victimhood has become an all-encompassing category. There are hordes of supposed victims as well, whose victimhood includes a claim for recognition and not much more than that, victims who should be be strongly recommended to get over it.


Being a member of a group which claims victimhood is enough, now - no need to claim individual  oppression, or to produce the evidence for individual oppression. If the alleged purveyor of 'Hate Crime' doesn't belong to one of these privileged groups but the complainant does, then it may well be that the charge of 'Hate Crime' is far more likely to be believed and acted upon.


I don't include detailed comments on the issue of 'Trans' people anywhere on this site, in fact, I hardly mention the issue at all. This will be regarded as a gross failure on my part by some Trans people. What? Failing to write about the most important issue of our time? I have, though, given a great deal of thought to the issues - but not nearly as much thought as to a large number of other issues.


I'll mention one thing, a claim. I'd claim that many, many Trans people are over preoccupied with their own problems, real or imaginary. I don't detect very much Trans interest in wider issues. A news item, or more exactly, a news item which so far as I know hasn't been prominent in Trans circles any more than in most others.


From USA today

A woman inmate in Missouri died by lethal injection Tuesday, becoming the first openly transgender person executed in the United States.

Amber McLaughlin’s fate was sealed earlier Tuesday when Missouri Gov. Mike Parson declined a clemency request. 

Clemency petition cites traumatic childhood, mental health diagnoses

A clemency petition filed to Parson on Dec. 12 by McLaughlin's attorneys requested a sentence of life without parole in place of a death sentence. The document cites chronic trauma McLaughlin experienced in childhood, including brain damage from fetal alcohol exposure, traumatic brain injuries as a child, abuse she suffered – including tasing and beating – at her adoptive home, and her diagnosed depression and suicide attempts as reasons for clemency.


So far as I'm aware, the 'Trans Community' did very little to oppose this execution. They were ineffectual and failed to mobilize their members. They have weaknesses in planning, in the skills needed for responsible  campaigning which has a hope of achieving results. They have no interest, many of them, in the skills needed for effective campaigning, or they would rather use slogans as a substitute. It's certainly far easier.


A few short extracts from European newspapers on issues to do with South Yorkshire and specifically sexual abuse in Rotherham.


Deutsche Welle


'In Auftrag gegeben hatte den Untersuchungsbericht die Kommunalverwaltung von Rotherham, nachdem in der 250.000-Einwohner-Stadt 2010 fünf Männer mit pakistanischen Wurzeln zu langen Haftstrafen wegen Kindesmissbrauchs verurteilt worden waren.' 


Le Monde


Angleterre : de nouvelles victimes se manifestent après la révélation d'abus sexuels

Une enquête a été ouverte après la révélation d'abus sexuels massifs à Rotherham.







South Yorkshire Police and the South Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner: their preoccupation  with 'Hate Crime.'


Putting the search term "Police and Crime Commissioner" "Hate Crime" into Google currently gives a total of 69,500 results in total. And who is in first place? Why, South Yorkshire's PCC, Dr Alan Billings! To reflect this result, let's refer to Alan Billings as the 'South Yorkshire Thought Police and Hate Crime Commissar' and let's give a new meaning to the abbreviation 'PCC:' 'Politically Correct Commissar.' But only in this paragraph. Decorum will be maintained in other places.


In this column, material on same-sex relationships. The Reverend Canon Alan Billings has failed to realize that Christianity and the Bible promote 'Hate Crime.' I think that the evidence is conclusive, but Alan Billings and the Churches are welcome to show that I'm completely mistaken - if they can. As a matter of strict fact, in their long history, the dominant Christian Churches have used Biblical texts again and again to justify persecution, torture and execution. Now, with their loss of power, Church sanctions are incomparably less severe - but the harmful effects of Bible-based doctrine are still striking - as in the case of the issue presented in this column, same-sex relations. Before I turn my attention to some contemporary examples of Christian intolerance, a striking example of the older intolerance, from my page


' ... the King James who gave his name to the King James Bible, the Authorized Version to be found in a place of honour in Churches all over the country. Most Church goers know not nearly enough about him. This is an extract from the section which should disturb any innocent illusions:


King James VI of Scotland, who later became King James I of England, is better known for his association with the Authorized Version of the Bible, also known as the 'King James Bible,' than for his book 'Daemonology,' (1597).  'Daemonologie' endorses the practice of witch hunting in Christian society. The title page describes him as 'Defender of the Faith.'


He wrote in the book,


'The fearefull aboundinge at this time in this countrie, of these detestable slaves of the Devil, the Witches or Enchanters, hath moved me (beloved reader) to dispatch in post, this following treatise of mine (...) to resolve the doubting (...) both that such assaults of Satan are most certainly practised, and that the instrument thereof merits most severely to be punished.'


The King James Bible translation of Exodus 22:18 is 'Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.' The King will have believed that he had divine authorisation for his persecution of witches. The 'Good News Translation (!) is 'Put to death any woman who practises magic.'


[King James oversaw the trials and torture of many women accused of witchcraft.]

'One of Scotland's most notable mass witch trials occurred under the reign and supervision of King James VI.  The trials took place in North Berwick  between the years of 1590 and 1592, and led to at least 70 accused witches being condemned to violent torture and in most cases, death. The trials took place after the King experienced terrible storms whilst journeying by ship to Denmark where he would marry Princess Anne. King James VI, having seen authorities in Denmark accuse women such as Anna Kolding of using witchcraft to create the storms during the Copenhagen witch trials turned to the "witches" in North Berwick to blame for this event.


In the first column of the page: many more examples of shocking Biblical Hate Crime, including a collection of extracts from Rock Christian Centre videos - the text only. Rock Christian Centre is the place where Dr Billings, the Chief Constable of South Yorkshire Police at the time - Stephen Watson - and Sergeant Simon Kirkham went to celebrate the relaunch of the Christian Police Association (CPA).


From my page Billingsgate: a question addressed to Dr Billings:



1. A question concerning 'hate crime.'


Quotation from one of the Billingsgate Questions below:


'If a man lies with a man as one lies with a woman, both of them have done what is detestable. They must be put to death; their blood will be on their own heads.'


Is this verse from the Bible (Leviticus 20:13) an example of 'Hate Crime?' If not, why not? Is it harmful or absolutely harmless? Is it the 'Word of God' or not? The people at Rock Christian Centre, where Bibles were presented at the event attended by Dr Billings believe it's the word of God. The passage where it appears is read out in one of the Rock Christian Centre You Tube videos discussed below.


Is this verse from the Bible, in this case the New Testament, an example of 'Hate Crime?' From the writing of 'St' Paul, 1 Corinthians, 6:9, in the New International Translation:


9 ... do you not know that wrongdoers will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived: Neither the sexually immoral nor idolaters nor adulterers nor men who have sex with men 10 nor thieves nor the greedy nor drunkards nor slanderers nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God. 11 And that is what some of you were. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God.


Is Alan Billings certain that this can't possibly amount to thought crime or hate speech because it appears in The Bible, 'the word of God?' Is it impossible for the word of God to be hateful? Can he really claim that all the instances of thought crime or hate speech dealt with by South Yorkshire Police, with his active encouragement, are more hateful than any of this?


A  news item concerning a prominent music group, The King's Singers, a not-nearly-so-prominent institution in Florida, Pensacola Christian College, which cancelled their concert, and move quickly to some of the horrific penalties imposed by Christians against homosexuals in the past. Then I quote one or two horrific Biblical texts which are 'proof,' to the people at Pensacola College, that the Christian God opposes same sex relations. Christians who believe otherwise, who would claim that the Christian God is warmly in favour of same-sex relations, should include in any arguments to defend their view a discussion of these and other Biblical texts - but I don't think they'll want to do that or will be able to do that.


Then I mention briefly some other issues which will cause difficulties for Dr Billings, for fundamentalist Christians, for Roman Catholics, for liberal Christians with very vague, hard-to-define views on Christian doctrine - extreme difficulties, I think.


These, and other Biblical texts, have had consequences, in many cases horrific consequences. Christian believers have made known their abhorrence for homosexual relations by banning homosexuals, torturing homosexuals and killing homosexuals. This is a secular age - many, many Christians would think of it as a 'godless age' - when Christians can't get away with executing homosexuals but can get away with lesser sanctions, such as banning. First I mention a case of banning and then I mention some of the much, much harsher measures which could be imposed in the 'age of faith.'


A Grammy-winning British a cappella group has said a US Christian college cancelled a planned concert at the last minute due to "concerns related to the sexuality" of some members.

The King's Singers said they were "deeply saddened" to have the show at Pensacola Christian College, in Florida,  called off at two hours' notice.


The university said the performance was cancelled "upon learning that one of the artists openly maintained a lifestyle that contradicts" the Bible.


It said it could not "give an implied or direct endorsement of anything that violates the Holy Scripture".


Writing on Instagram, The King's Singers said this was the first time one of their shows had been cancelled for reasons other than bad weather, the pandemic, or war.


"The school gave its reasons for cancellation as 'concerns' expressed about the 'lifestyle' of members of our group," they said.


An extract from my page


As supplementary material, I'll quote now a comment now I wrote which was published on the site 'Conservative Woman.'


[The 'mocked, reviled and pelted with eggs Pastor here was protesting against a Gay Pride Event.]

From the Pastor's article: 'A video report on Sky News used the term ‘religious bigotry’ to describe our Christian testimony. Whatever happened to impartial reporting? Why did the reporter not come over to us and ask some questions? She would have found out that we are perfectly capable of engaging in civilised debate.


If the Pastor ever made use of the opportunity to have a 'civilized debate' with Sky News about homosexuality, I'd recommend to Sky News asking him for a comment on the material to be found in the Wikipedia 'List of people executed for homosexuality in Europe.'


If homosexuals loathe his orthodox views on homosexuality, it has something to do with awareness of what orthodox Christians have done to homosexuals over the centuries. They would loathe them even more the more they know about the horrific facts. Among the punishments mentioned in the article, including some from this country:


A German cross-dressing lesbian executed for heresy against nature
They were pierced in their tongues, hanged and burned; they were also charged with blasphemy.
German from Augsburg; burned in Rome with 3 heretics
From Augsburg; one burned, other 4 (all ecclesiastics) bound hand and foot in a wooden cage to starve[
both drowned in a barrel
Lesbian, drowned
Burned at Tudela for "heresy with his body"

And from the UK:

His trial was at the Old Bailey in November, where he was convicted of having "a venereal affair" with James Hankinson. He was hanged at Newgate. He was hanged with a forger, Ann Hurle - they were led out of Debtor's Door and rather than the New Drop they were hanged by a cart being driven from under them.
"Spershott's hanging was perhaps the last occasion at which was performed the folk ritual of the hangman passing the dead man's hands over the neck and bosoms of young women as a cure for glandular enlargements."
The last two men to be hanged for homosexuality in England. [1835]

Is Pastor Peter Simpson perfectly capable of engaging in civilized debate or perfectly capable of becoming evasive when confronted by harsh realities?


Is Canon Alan Billings perfectly capable of engaging in civilized debate or perfectly capable of becoming evasive when confronted by harsh realities?


Again and again, Canon Billings comes out with pronouncements and  platitudes. They will please people who are very easily satisfied, in particular, the Anglicans who think like Canon Billings,  but just a little reflection, supported by a modest amount of evidence, will show that they are superficial - and evasive.


Take this, from the page

Sunday 3 March 2019 - Dr Alan Billings


As a matter of interest, St Mark's Church, Sheffield, is the Church where Lu Skerratt-Love used to worship, the LGBQT church-goer who made damaging false allegations about me, allegations which were acted upon by a very different kind of Christian, the fundamentalist Sergeant Simon Kirkham. This is one of those grotesque contradictions which appear frequently in this grotesque world.


From the Sermonizing of Canon Billings at St Mark's Church:


The Church of England used to be rather good at theology. I say ‘used to be’, because for reasons I don’t wholly understand, large parts of the contemporary church have given up on theology. They have narrowed the range of experiences we can draw upon, to one. The Bible ... Whatever the question, the answer is in scripture. I don’t doubt the zeal of people who treat the biblical books in this way, but it can have the most unfortunate consequences.

At different times Christians who take this view have said that childbirth can never be without pain because it says in Genesis that ‘in pain you shall bear children’. Women could be regarded as property because it says in the last of the Ten Commandments that a man should not covet his neighbour’s property – his house, his slaves, his animals, his wife. Social welfare has been declared useless because Jesus said, ‘the poor you have with you always’. We laugh at this now, but this approach to the Bible – divorcing it from theology – is becoming dominant in the modern Church.

We need theology – reflection on that accumulation of experiences – as well as scripture if we are truly to discern God’s will.

When was this period, the period when 'The Church of England used to be rather good at theology?' This bland, sweeping statement, unsupported by any evidence, is quite shocking. At all times, recent, less recent, centuries-old, Christian theologians have disagreed strongly - sometimes violently - with each other. The list of theological 'differences of opinion,' sometimes leading to open warfare, is long and deeply depressing. Splits and schisms are entrenched in the history of Christianity. Do sinners always go to hell, no matter what good they have done in their lives? They do, according to so many theologians, past and present. Not so, according to other theologians who have maintained that 'good works' can be taken into account.

A very different example, from a sphere very remote from everyday human concerns but very important to the theologians who debated these issues centuries ago - and still debate them, the split between Eastern Orthodox views and Western Roman Catholic views.

From the page

The Eastern Orthodox interpretation of the Trinity  is that the Holy Spirit originates, has his cause for existence or being (manner of existence) from the Father alone as "One God, One Father" and that the filioque confuses the theology as it was defined at the councils at both Nicea and Constantinople. The position that having the creed say "the Holy Spirit which proceeds from the Father and the Son", does not mean that the Holy Spirit now has two origins, is the position the West took at the Council of Florence, as the Council declared the Holy Spirit "has His essence and His subsistent being from the Father together with the Son, and proceeds from both eternally as from one principle and a single spiration.

My page

includes profiles of Cambridge University theologians, which will make clear, I hope, that in general, these people are in no fit state to pronounce on matters beyond their arcane specialities.

Dr Billings' pronouncements are always clear - clear but confusing, again and again. On the pages of this site - I don't provide links to these sections here, since there has to be a limit to semi-scholarly citation of sources -  I discuss his use of a Biblical text about the Second Coming of Jesus (this second coming will be a time when Jesus carries out 'The Last Judgment,' according to orthodox Christian theologians). He gives every appearance of believing in a Second Coming. He stresses the New Testament emphasis upon 'watchfulness' - calls it, being 'wake' - before launching into a ridiculous claim that the New Testament view of watchfulness or being 'wake' supports present-day notions of the importance of being 'woke' or politically correct.

Watchfulness - or being 'wake' - is stressed in this extract from a theologian, quoted on the page

The extract comes from the site




The Return, Second Coming, or Second Advent of Christ refers to the future return of Christ to earth at the end of the age. This return will be visible and physical as he comes from heaven on the clouds to bring final judgment and salvation.




The New Testament establishes the doctrine of the Second Coming. Jesus refers to his future return in glory. While the term “Second Coming” or “Second Advent” does not occur in the New Testament, there are several nouns and verbs used to refer to the return of Christ. The nature of the Second Coming is visible, imminent, and final. The hope believers have of his return gives confidence of his victory and the salvation of their mortal bodies from sin once and for all to have a glorified resurrected body that is pure, immortal, and incorruptible (1Cor. 15:35-49). The Second Coming, then, has implications for how believers live day to day in an attitude of watchfulness and readiness.




The doctrine of the Second Coming or Advent of Christ refers to the future return of Christ to earth at the end of the age. This return will be visible and physical as he comes down from heaven on the clouds to bring final judgment and salvation. It is often associated with the great day of the Lord in the Old Testament and corresponds to the messianic prophecies anticipating the messiah coming as King of kings in victory and glory to triumph over all the enemies of God and his people. The New Testament focuses primarily on the messiah’s first advent with the ministry, death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus who came as a sinless sacrificial lamb to make atonement for sin and provide salvation through faith in him by inaugurating the New Covenant ...


In a sermon at St Mary's Church, Sheffield, he quotes a Biblical text about God appearing to Moses in a burning bush. He has never, to my knowledge, discussed the fact that in orthodox Christian theology, Moses also received from God, supposedly, the first five books of the Old Testament. The quotations in the first column of the page from these 'books of Moses' are horrific.

Dr Billings discussed a pleasant little story about Moses in the sermon, omitting the context or suppressing the context. Could he give an opinion - as a theologian - on this extract, quoted in my page

It's included in one of the questions which make up the 'Billingsgate Challenge'

Numbers 31, extract

The LORD said to Moses, 'Punish the Midianites for what they did to the people of Israel ... So Moses said to the people, 'Get ready for war so that you can attack Midian and punish them for what they did to the LORD ... The people of Israel captured the Midianite women and children, took their cattle and their flocks, plundered all their wealth, and burned all their cities and camps ... Moses became angry with the officers, the commanders of battalions and companies, who had returned from the war. He asked them, 'Why have you kept all the women alive? Remember that it was the women who followed Balaam's instructions and at Peor led the people to be unfaithful to the LORD. That was what brought the epidemic on the LORD's people. So now kill every boy and kill every woman who has had sexual intercourse, but keep alive for yourselves all the girls and all the women who are virgins.


If a preacher includes this passage in a sermon, would the preacher be liable to a charge of 'Hate Crime?' If not, why not? Or perhaps the charge should be 'promotion of ignorance and superstition.'  My view is that Notice the pre-scientific, anti-scientific, far-from-harmless view of epidemics and their causes.

How are ordinary people supposed to recognize 'genuine' orders of God, orders which can be acted upon, and 'false' orders of God, all those repulsive and irrelevant orders which form the greatest part of this 'revelation' by far. Theologians have overwhelmingly taken the view that God did command that disobedient sons should be stoned to death, that 'witches' should be put to death - I don't need to elaborate, because there's abundant evidence on this and other pages, even though the evidence I give is only a small part of the massive, cumulative evidence which it would be possible to give, just about.














   Alan Billings, South Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner: 'Hate Crime'